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Small Stinging Nettle Plants growing through Garden leaves  Urtica dioica dioica.jpg  Brennnessel 1.JPG  KopÅ?iva2.jpg  Urtica dioica 2846.jpg

 

NAME:  Stinging Nettle

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Urtica Dioica / Urticaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S): 

CONDITIONS: partial shade, moist soil
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

spinach

COOK

Spring & Fall

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

spinach

COOK

Spring & Fall

Buds/Flowers

       

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Roots

       

Seeds

 

 

   

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

 

 

Stalk

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

PORTION:  medium

COMMENT:  Nettles are a very valuable addition to the diet, they are a very nutritious food that is easily digested and is high in minerals (especially iron) and vitamins (especially A and C) A tea is made from the dried leaves, it is warming on a winters day. A bland flavour, it can be added as a tonic to China tea. The juice of the leaves, or a decoction of the herb, can be used as a rennet substitute in curdling plant milks. Nettle beer is brewed from the young shoots.(1)  New shoots appear in Spring and Fall.  Use young leaves before flowering, as vegetable or tea. “…soaking, cooking, refrigerating, wilting or drying neutralizes the plant’s sting.” (2)

CAUTIONS: stinging hairs can be painful and last hours, use crushed or chewed leaves of jewelweed, plantain, or dock to help remove pain

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  Young leaves - cooked. Very nutritious and with a delicious flavour, they are used like spinach (1)

LOOK-A-LIKES:  False Nettle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boehmeria

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES:  White Snakeroot - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ageratina_altissima

OTHER USES: used for fiber…also as fodder for livestock and to make tea, beer, rennet and a plant dye.

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Urtica+dioica
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/urtica-chamaedryoides-nettle-knowledge-2  
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urtica_dioica
  4. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/04/stinging-nettle.html  (good photos)
  5. http://www.ediblewildfood.com/stinging-nettle.aspx
  6. https://www.gettystewart.com/how-to-harvest-dry-freeze-use-stinging-nettle/
  7. https://thegrownetwork.com/stinging-nettle-benefits-uses
  8. https://thethingswellmake.com/stinging-nettle-recipes-20-surprising-things-make-nettles (recipes)
  9. https://www.wideopeneats.com/stinging-nettles-recipes (recipes)
  10. https://www.simplyrecipes.com/recipes/nettle_soup (recipes)
  11. https://www.splendidtable.org/recipes/stinging-nettle-pesto (recipes)
  12. https://www.allrecipes.com/recipe/165071/stinging-nettle-soup (recipes)
  13. https://www.chowhound.com/recipes/sauteed-stinging-nettles-28275 (recipes)
  14. https://www.thespruceeats.com/sauteed-stinging-nettles-2217561 (recipes)
  15. https://www.thekitchn.com/stinging-nettles-8-recipes-for-145582 (recipes)
  16. https://honest-food.net/grasping-the-nettle
  17. https://italyonmymind.wordpress.com/2015/10/04/stinging-nettle-pasta-spring-at-the-collingwood-childrens-farm-farmers-market/