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Diospyros virginiana NRCS-1.jpg      Persimmon American1 Asit.jpg

 

NAME: Persimmon

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Diospyros Virginiana / Ebenaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  American Persimmon, Possumwood, Possum Apples

CONDITIONS: partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

sassafras

DRY/STEEP

Spring/Summer

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

apricot

RAW/DRY/COOK

Fall

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

coffee/extender

DRY/ROAST

Fall

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small-medium

 

COMMENT: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried and used in breads, cakes, pies, puddings etc (fruit leather). About the size of a plum, the fruit has an exquisitely rich flavour when it is fully ripe (and almost at the point of going bad) but it is very harsh and astringent before then. The fruit may not ripen properly in a cool summer, though if it is frosted it normally develops a very good flavour. The fruit can also be harvested in the autumn, preferably after a frost, and bletted. (This is a process where the fruit is kept in a cool place and only eaten when it is very soft and almost at the point of going rotten). The fruit can also be dried and used in bread, cakes etc. Molasses can be made from the fruit pulp. An oil obtained from the seeds is said to taste like peanut oil. A tea is made from the dried leaves, has a pleasant flavour somewhat like sassafras. The roasted seed is used as a coffee extender.(1,2) The fruit is also fermented with hops, cornmeal or wheat bran into a sort of beer or made into brandy.(3)

 

CAUTION: Not fully ripe fruit is very astringent and can feel like “cotton mouth”. // If you do not digest food well or have had gastric bypass surgery excessive consumption of persimmons can create intestinal blockage called a bezoar. It happens more in farm animals than man but people who consume huge amounts of persimmons or who have gastric issues are at risk. If you drink coffee, roasted seed should be used as a coffee extender, not coffee substitute.(2)

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  The fruit and leaves are loaded with Vitamin C. (2, 3) fiber, Vit C, B, minerals, anti-oxidants, flavonoids.(4) Antiscorbutic;  Astringent;  Warts. Cancers. (1)

·        https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1116/japanese-persimmon

·        https://draxe.com/persimmon-fruit

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Wood - strong, hard, heavy, fine-grained, elastic, resistant to wear. A valuable wood, it is used for making wooden ware, turnery etc. It is used especially for making handles for golf clubs.(1) The hard, closed-grain wood can be worked (often to be made into “natural” wedding bands.(2)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Diospyros+virginiana
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/persimmons-pure-pucker-power-2
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diospyros_virginiana
  4. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/07/persimmons.html (good photos)