Wild Foodies of Philly:  LIST BY PARTS USED 

(Do not eat any wild edibles before researching to see if they need special preparation, cooking, etc.)


BEANS

  • American groundnut, hopniss
  • American hog peanut
  • ginkgo bean/nut
  • hyacinth bean
  • Kentucky coffee tree (caution)
  • locust, black (caution)
  • locust, honey

FLOWERS

  • Asiatic dayflower
  • cherry tree
  • chicory
  • clover
  • dandelion
  • day lily
  • evening primrose
  • garlic
  • goldenrod
  • hyacinth bean
  • Japanese honeysuckle
  • linden/basswood
  • locust, black
  • mallows & hibiscus
  • mimosa
  • mint family
  • mustards & cress
  • onion
  • passion flower
  • redbud tree
  • roses
  • salsify
  • spiderwort
  • spring beauty
  • sunflower family
  • violets
  • water lilies (American white lotus & yellow pond)
  • wisteria (caution)
  • yucca

FRUIT

Fruit plants

  • bunchberry
  • chameleon
  • cleaver
  • false Solomon's seal
  • mayapple
  • pokeberry(caution)
  • prickly pear

     Nightshade:

  • ground cherry
  • black nightshade

     Strawberry:

  • indian
  • wild

Fruit vines:

  • creeping snowberry (moxie plum)
  • grape, riverbank
  • hardy kiwi
  • mile-a-minute, Asiatic tearthumb
  • partridgeberry
  • passionflower, maypop
  • porcelainberry(caution)
  • wintergreen

     Smilax:

  • carrion
  • greenbrier
  • sarsaparilla

 


    
Fruit bushes

  • autumnberry
  • barberry
  • beach plum
  • beautyberry
  • cranberry, bog
  • elderberry
  • lemon, wild Asian
  • mahonia
  • Northern bayberry
  • spicebush
  • yew (extreme caution)

    Blueberry:

  • high bush
  • low bush
  • chokeberries, aronia (red, black)
  • huckleberry, black
  • huckleberry, bog

    Raspberry&related:

  • red raspberry
  • black raspberry
  • blackberry
  • dewberry
  • wineberry

     Ribes:

  • currants
  • gooseberry

     Rose:

  • rose, wild
  • Rosa Ragusa

     Vibernum:

  • black haw
  • cranberry, high bush
  • nannyberry

Fruit trees

  • juneberry
  • pawpaw
  • persimmon
  • kousa

     Apple & related:

  • crab apple
  • hackberry
  • hawthorns
  • pear, Callery
  • plum
  • quince
  • rowan

     Cherry & related:

  • pin
  • black, wild
  • choke
  • cornelian dogwood

     Mulberry & related:

  • black
  • paper (related)
  • red
  • white

GREENS/LEAVES

  • Singles
  • Northern bayberry
  • brookweed
  • carpetweed
  • chameleon
  • cleaver
  • duckweed
  • false Solomon's seal
  • hosta
  • milkweed
  • Asiatic tearthumb
  • pickerelweed
  • partridgeberry
 
  • passion flower
  • spicebush
  • spring beauty
  • violets
  • water hyacinth
  • wintergreen
  • yarrow

Families & related

     Amaranth & related

  • common
  • mat
  • spiny
  • lamb’s quarters

      Artemesia:

  • epazote, wormseed
  • mugwort, wormwood

     Carrot,  Celery,
    
Parsley family:

  • carrot
  • lovage
  • goutweed
  • eastern waterleaf
  • sweet cicely
  • anise root

     Chamomile:

  • wild
  • pineappleweed

     Chickweed:

  • common
  • fuzzy, mouse-eared

     Clover:

  • red (caution)
  • white

     Docks:

  • bitter, curly, yellow
    (all bitter species)
  • patience dock

     Grapevine & related:

  • riverbank grape
  • porcelainberry

     Grasses:

  • Asiatic dayflower
  • crabgrass
  • foxtail
  • knotgrass
  • knotweed,Japaneese
  • smartweed,
    LadysThumb
  • smartweed,
    waterpepper
  • spiderwort
  • wild rice

 Lettuce-Like:

  • wild
  • chicory
  • dandelion
  • sow thistle

     Mallow family:

  • common
  • marshmallow
  • Rose of Sharon
  • velvet leaf

    Mints & related:

  • ajuga
  • anise hyssop
  • bee balm

 

  • deadnettle
  • creeping charlie,
    ground ivy
  • purple giant hyssop
  • henbit
  • lemon balm
  • licorice, Mexican
  • mountain
  • spearmint
  • watermint
    Related:
  • purple loosestrife
  • water purselane
  • speedwell

     Mustard & Cresses:

  • field mustard
  • garlic mustard
    Cress:
  • field pennycress
  • spring, bitter
  • peppercress
  • shepard’s purse
  • water 
  • winter, yellow rocket

Nettles:

  • stinging
  • wood

     Onion & Garlic:

  • ramps  
  • wild garlic
  • wild onion 

     Plantain/Plantago:

  • broad leaf
  • narrow leaf

    Smilax:

  • carrion
  • greenbrier
  • sarsaparilla

     Solomon Seal:

  • common
  • false

     Sorrel:

  • sheep
  • wood, oxalis

    Strawberry:

  • indian
  •  wild
  •  barren

     Succulents & Cactus

  • prickly pear
  • purslane

     Sunflower & related:

  • sunchoke
  • wild sunflower

Thistle:

  • bull
  • burdock
  • common (smooth&fuzzy)
  • milk
  • salsify


 Tree greens (young leaves)

  • beech 
  • birch
  • cherry
  • elm, Chinese & Siberian
  • empress 
  • ginkgo
  • hawthorn
  • holly, American (caution)
  • linden, basswood
  • maples
  • mimosa
  • redbud
  • pine needles
  • sassafras 
  • sweetgum leafbuds
  • willow 


NUTS:

  • beechnut
  • black walnut
  • butternut
  • ginkgo
  • hazelnut
  • hickories, shagbark, etc.
  • oaks (white, red, chinquapin)
  • water chestnut

PODS
• Kentucky coffee tree (caution)
• locust, black (caution)
• locust, honey
• milkweed (caution)

ROOTS

  • arrowhead, wapato
  • birch root bark
  • carrots, celery, parsley family
  • cattails (small & common)
  • chicory
  • cresses & mustards
  • dandelion
  • daylily
  • evening primrose
  • fiddlehead fern
  • ginger, chameleon
  • ginger, wild
  • groundnut, hopniss
  • hyacinth bean
  • mallows (marsh, common, & high)
  • peanut, American hog
  • onion, garlic, ramp
  • reed grass
  • greenbrier
  • Solomon's Seal & false Solomon's Seal
  • spring beauty
  • sunchoke
  • sunflower
  • sweetflag (caution)
  • thistle family
  • Tree Roots:
    • Black birch
    • Sassafras
  • water lilies (American white lotus & yellow pond)wild potato vine

SEEDS
  • amaranth family
  • cattails
  • cleaver
  • cress family
  • dock family
  • elm, Chinese & Siberian
  • evening primrose
  • foxtail grass
  • garlic mustard
  • jewelweed
  • foxtail grass
  • lamb's quarters
  • mallow, indian
  • maple tree
  • mustard family
  • pickerelweed
  • potato vine
  • redbud
  • reed grass
  • rice, native
  • sunflowers
  • sweet gum tree
  • wild rice
  • water lilies (American white lotus & yellow pond)
  • SHOOTS
  • asparagus
  • bamboo
  • cattail
  • daylily
  • devil's walking stick
  • dock, patience
  • evening primrose
  • false Solomon's seal
  • fiddlehead fern
  • groundnut/hopniss
  • hosta
  • Japanese knotweed
  • milkweed
  • pickerelweed
  • pokeweed, caution
  • reed grass
  • smilax family
  • Solomon’s seal & false Solomon seal

STALKS & STEMS

  • burdock
  • cattail
  • docks
  • Japanese knotweed
  • pickerelweed
  • reed grass
  • sow thistle
  • spiderwort
  • sweetflag
  • thistle family

    TREE BARK
  • Aspen,trembling
  • Basswood
  • Balsam Fir
  • Balsam Poplar
  • Beech, American
  • Birch, White
  • Cedars
  • Douglas Fir
  • Elm, Chinese & Siberian
  • Hemlocks
  • Larches (cautions)
  • Linden
  • Maple
  • Mulberry, twigs
  • Pine, white & Ponderosa
  • Poplar
  • Sassafras, young green twigs
  • Slippery Elm
  • Spruces
  • Willow